Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
The Upper Mississippi River System—Topobathy
Stone, J.M., Hanson, J.L., and Sattler, S.R. 2017. The Upper Mississippi River System—Topobathy. U.S. Geological Survey, Fact Sheet 2016–3097, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs2016309. https://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/2016/3097/fs20163097.pdf
The Upper Mississippi River System (UMRS), the navigable part of the Upper Mississippi and Illinois Rivers, is a diverse ecosystem that contains river channels, tributaries, shallow-water wetlands, backwater lakes, and flood-plain forests. Approximately 10,000 years of geologic and hydrographic history exist within the UMRS. Because it maintains crucial wildlife and fish habitats, the dynamic ecosystems of the Upper Mississippi River Basin and its tributaries are contingent on the adjacent flood plains and water-level fluctuations of the Mississippi River. Separate data for flood-plain elevation (lidar) and riverbed elevation (bathymetry) were collected on the UMRS by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ (USACE) Upper Mississippi River Restoration (UMRR) Program. Using the two elevation datasets, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center (UMESC) developed a systemic topobathy dataset.