Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Past, present, and future concepts in large river ecology
Johnson, B. L., Richardson, W. B., and Naimo, T. J., 1995, Past, present, and future concepts in large river ecology: Bioscience, v. 45, no. 3, p. 134-141.
How rivers function and how human activities influence river processes. Many important questions are likely to require natural experiments or large-scale manipulations that compare rivers or river reaches.
Keywords: rivers, watersheds, resource-management, ecology, water-resources-management, environmental-effects, river-basin-management, environmental-impact, ecosystems