Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Effects of water temperature on the toxicity of 4-nitrophenol and 2,4-dinitrophenol to developing rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Howe, G. E., Marking, L. L., Bills, T. D., Boogaard, M. A., and Mayer, F. L. Jr., 1994, Effects of water temperature on the toxicity of 4-nitrophenol and 2,4-dinitrophenol to developing rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 13, no. 1, p. 79-84.
Early-life-stage (ELS) toxicity tests were conducted to determine the effect of selected water temperatures on the toxicity of 4-nitrophenol and 2,4-dinitrophenol to rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). NOECs were determined for growth and mortality at selected time intervals and water temperatures of 7, 12, and 17 degree C. As tests progressed, NOECs leveled to constant time-independent values that were similar for tests at each temperature. In 4-nitrophenol tests, the time-independent NOEC values at 7, 12, and 17 degree C, respectively, were 1.16, 1.20, and 1.16 mg/L for growth and 3.40, 3.38, and 2.20 mg/L for mortality. For 2,4-dinitrophenol, time-independent NOEC values at 7, 12, and 17 degree C, respectively, were 1.07, 0.50, and 0.80 mg/L for growth and 1.30, 1.89, and 1.60 mg/L for mortality. Temperature did, however, affect the rate at which time- independent NOECs were reached. More time was required to reach time-independent NOECs as temperature decreased. For example, the time-independent NOEC in 4-nitrophenol tests at 17 degree C was reached in 14 d, whereas it required 42 d at 7 degree C.
p-nitrophenol, 2,4-dinitrophenol, toxicity-, temperature-, Oncorhynchus-mykiss, water-temperature, toxicity-testing, temperature-effects, toxicity-tests, phenols-, freshwater-fish, juveniles-