USGS - science for a changing world

Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center

Home/ Overview/ Science Programs/ Data Library/ Products and Publications/States/ Rivers/Teachers and Students/ Links/ Contact/ Search

Exposure and Effects of Dioxins and Other Organochlorine Chemicals on Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) Nesting along the Woonasquatucket River, Rhode Island

The Centredale Manor and Brook Village properties on the Woonasquatucket River near Providence, Rhode Island, are highly contaminated with dioxins. Scientists do not know the source of the contaminants, but their presence is likely because of the largely unregulated use, storage, and disposal of hazardous substances on the property from 1921 until 1977.

Woonasquatucket River near Providence, Rhode Islandswallow boxThe U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is doing an ecological risk assessment at this site and requires data to define these risks. Tree swallows can be used as an avian receptor to determine whether birds are being exposed to and accumulating possible harmful levels of dioxins, furans, and other organochlorines.

Tree swallows are an ideal study species because they have a broad geographic distribution, will readily use nest boxes, feed on emergent aquatic insects near the nest site, and are amenable to handling.

Approximately 60 swallow boxes, 30 at each of two sites, will be attached to posts or other suitable structures along the riverbanks. We will visit each nest box approximately once a week until the young reach 12 days of age.

We will check and quantify the presence of eggs or young in the nest box. We will also analyze tissue samples for chemical contamination and calculate the risks.

This project was terminated in September 2001.

Principal Investigator: Christine Custer

Accessibility FOIA Privacy Policies and Notices

Take Pride in America logo logo U.S. Department of the Interior | U.S. Geological Survey
Page Contact Information: Contacting the Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center
Page Last Modified: October 2, 2007