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Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center

Wildlife Toxicology

Tom CusterThomas W. Custer

Position title: Wildlife Biologist (Research)

Email: tcuster@usgs.gov
Phone: 608.781.6375
Fax: 608.783.6066

Education:
1969 BA California State University, Fullerton, CA (Biology)
1971 MA California State University, Fullerton, CA (Zoology)
1974 PhD University of California, Berkeley, CA (Zoology/Ecology)

Primary Responsibilities/Activities:
Conduct field research on effects of contaminants on wildlife, mainly birds.  Contaminants studied include organochlorine pesticides (e.g. DDT), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dioxins and furans, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), metals, avicides, Perfluorooctane sulfonates (PFOS), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs).

Research Interests:

  • Wildlife Toxicology
  • Contaminants
  • Organochlorines
  • Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)
  • Dioxins and furans
  • Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)
  • Metals
  • Mercury
  • Pesticides
  • Avicides
  • Perfluorooctane sulfonates (PFOS)
  • polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)

Select Publications:

Custer, T. W., N. H. Golden, and B. A. Rattner. 2008. Element patterns in feathers of nestling Black-Crowned Night-Herons from four colonies in Minnesota, Delaware and Maryland. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 81:147-151.

Custer, T. W., K. Kannan, L. Tao , A. R. Saxena, B. Route. 2009. Perfluorinated compounds and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in great blue heron eggs from Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Indiana. Journal of Great Lakes Research 35:401-405.

Custer, T. W., C. M. Custer, B. Gray. 2010.Polychlorinated biphenyls, dioxins, furans, and organochlorine pesticides in belted kingfishers eggs from the upper Hudson River basin, New York, USA. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 29:99-110.

Custer, T. W., C. M. Custer, B. Gray. 2010. Polychlorinated biphenyls, dioxins, furans, and organochlorine pesticides in spotted sandpiper eggs from the upper Hudson River basin, New York. Ecotoxicology 19:391-404.

Custer, T. W., K. Kannan, L. Tao, S. H. Yun, A. Trowbridge.2010. Perfluorinated compounds and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in great blue heron eggs from three colonies on the Mississippi River, Minnesota. Waterbirds 33:86-95.

Custer, T. W., C. M. Custer, R. K. Hines, K., L. Stromborg, P. D. Allen, M. J. Melancon, D. S. Henshel. 2001. Organochlorine contaminants and biomarker response in double-crested cormorants nesting in Green Bay and Lake Michigan. Archives of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 40:89-100.

Custer, T.W.. C. M. Custer, P. M. Dummer, G. M. Linz, L. Sileo, R. S. Stahl, and J. J. Johnston. 2003. Nontarget bird exposure to DRC-1339 during Fall in North Dakota and Spring in South Dakota. In G. M. Linz, editor. Management of North American blackbirds. National Wildlife Reseach Center, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA. Pages 64-70.

Custer, T. W., E. Cox, and B. R. Gray. 2004. Trace elements in moose (Alces alces) found dead in northwestern Minnesota, USA. Science of the Total Environment 330:81-87.

Custer, T. W., C. M. Custer, B. Goatcher, M. J. Melancon, C. W. Matson, and J.W. Bickham. 2006. Contaminant exposure of barn swallows nesting on Bayou D’Inde, Calcasieu Estuary, Louisiana USA. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 121: 543-560.

Custer, T. W., C. M. Custer, B. A. Eichhorst, and D. Warburton. 2007. Selenium and metal concentrations in waterbird eggs and chicks at Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge, Minnesota. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 53:103-109


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